Mukund's Brief Overview on Synthetic Biology Basics

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Q- What will you see if you add mud to water? A- Sedimentation and floating particles of mud; Darkish-colored water

Q-What will you see if DNA if added to water? A-Clear water.

How does the phenomenon of 'seeing' the particles of mud and not the DNA take place? This is because the particles of mud scatter light that results in the eye being able to view them. DNA, however,allows light to pass right through it, due to which it becomes invisible to the eye.


  • There is one major problem with DNA, that is, its too small to see - even with high levels of of magnification.Some of the ways of attempting to see them are through:

a) Dyes b) Quantity c) Length