HackteriaLab 2014 Participants
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HLab14 paricipants are from Croatia, Slovenia, US, Singapore, Denmark, Spain, Australia, Nepal, India, Taiwan, Japan, Nederland, Switzerland, Chile, and several regions of Indonesia. See details below:
- 1 Hans Muster
- 2 Participant List in progress
- 2.1 Urs Gaudenz
- 2.2 Dipeshwor Man Shrestha
- 2.3 Dr. Marc Dusseiller | Co-Organizer / Resarcher-in-Residence
- 2.4 Andreas Siagian | Host / Co-Organizer
- 2.5 Robertina Sebjanic
- 2.6 Grace Samboh | Host / Curator
- 2.7 Agus Tri Budiarto aka Timbil | Host
- 2.8 Kristi Monfries
- 2.9 Gabriella Levine | Resarcher-in-Residence
- 2.10 Dr Brian Degger
- 2.11 Sakar Pudasaini
- 2.12 Dr. Špela Petrič
- 2.13 Muhammad Hidayat aka Togar
- 2.14 Nur Akbar Arrofatullah | Host
- 2.15 Dr. Sachiko Hirosue
- 2.16 Gjino Sutic
- 2.17 Fajar Abadi
- 2.18 Suparmin Ahmad
- 2.19 Pei-Wen Liu
- 2.20 Pei-Ying Lin (ca3rine)
- 2.21 Denisa Kera
- 2.22 Malthe Borch
- 2.23 Verry Handayani
- 2.24 Ferial Afiff | Host
- 2.25 Pia Van Gelder
- 2.26 Helmi Hardian
- 2.27 Debrina Tedjawidjaja
- 2.28 Ismal Muntaha
- 2.29 Tedi Nurmanto
- 2.30 Michael Candy
- 2.31 Agung Firmanto aka Geger | Host
- 2.32 paula pin
- 2.33 Klau kinki
- 2.34 Julito aka Monika
- 2.35 Yashas Shetty
- 2.36 Ai Hasegawa
- 2.37 Fred Ku
- 2.38 Wawies Wisnu Wisdantio | Host
- 2.39 Budi Prakosa aka Iyok | Host
- 2.40 Tarlen Handayani
- 2.41 Mary Tsang
- 2.42 Andrew Lumban Gaol aka ANTI-TANK | Designer
- 2.43 Matthew Baker
(please fill it out like this)
Short Bio: isch en geile siech
Participant List in progress
Dear Participants, please write a few words abouts yourself to introduce you to all the other participants, add some links and add some "Interests" specific to your participation at HackteriaLab 2014 - Yogyakarta
And please all make sure you are on the HLab14 maillist for further discussions http://lists.hackteria.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/lab2014
Interests: "Community of learners", create an intense international hack learning lab.
Short Bio: Urs Gaudenz is microengineer and founder of GaudiLabs. He worked for Swiss high tech companies in the field of micro sensor technology and brushless motor control. With his solid background in electronics, mechanics and software he is working in a concurrent style between the disciplines. After several years of experience as a consultant in innovation management he is now engaged as lecturer for product innovation at the Lucerne University of Applied Science and Arts. His aim is to evolve towards more balanced collaborative entities in social action, business and technology.
Dipeshwor Man Shrestha
Interests: hardware programming, tech arts, using power tools, project based learning, making South Park illustrations of friends using Inkscape
Short Bio: Dipeshwor is an Electronics engineer from Nepal who loves making and tinkering. He’s the co-founder of Karkhana, an education company that designs hands on curriculum based on STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Maths). He teaches students from grades 6 to 9 and is a believer in ‘learning by doing’.
Dr. Marc Dusseiller | Co-Organizer / Resarcher-in-Residence
Interests: Daphnia-Hacking, Euglena burgers, BioElectronics, low-cost diagnostics, building DIWO community bio-labs
Short Bio: Dr. Marc R. Dusseiller is a transdisciplinary scholar, lecturer for micro- and nanotechnology, cultural facilitator and artist. He works in an integral way to combine science, art and education. He performs DIY (do-it-yourself) workshops in lo-fi electronics, hardware hacking, microscopy, music and robotics. He was co-organizing Dock18, Room for Mediacultures, diy* festival (Zürich, Switzerland), KIBLIX 2011 (Maribor, Slovenia), workshops for artists, schools and children as the former president (2008-12) of the Swiss Mechatronic Art Society, SGMK. Currently, he is developing means to perform bio- and nanotechnology research and dissemination, Hackteria | Open Source Biological Art, in a DIY fashion in kitchens, ateliers and in developing countries.
Andreas Siagian | Host / Co-Organizer
Andreas Siagian is an artist, engineer and internet troll, a cross disciplinary artist with an engineering background focusing on creative communities, alternative education, DIY/DIWO culture and interdisciplinary collaboration in art, science and technology. Since 2004, he is working in community-base initiatives to produce installations, workshops, lectures and organizing events as well as festivals in Indonesia. His collaborative actions with the local creative community developments included him as a co-founder of several initiatives such as breakcore_LABS, a platform for experimental audiovisual performance; urbancult.net, an online street art documentation and mapping for Indonesia and lifepatch.org – citizen initiative for art, science and technology, an independent community-based organization working in creative and appropriate application in the fields of art, science and technology.
Interests: building DIWO community bio-labs / algae / jellyfish / ferrofluids / bubbles / lo-fi electronic music/ sensors / diy electronics & function of basic components / sound / glitches / microfluidics / sci fi ....
Short Bio: Robertina explores in her project's various media as video, sound, wet ware and more broadly conceived cross media within the context of contemporary art practice. The context of her ideas and concepts is often realized in collaboration with other authors, and thus through interdisciplinary and informal integration embodied in her work. She had numerous solo, group exhibitions, performances around globe. Robertina is a member of experimental AV group Theremidi Orchestra.
In 2013 she was a co-organiser of the HacteriaLab Bangalore. In 2012 she organized Interactivos?’12 Ljubljana: Obsolete Technologies of the Future at LJUDMILA digital media lab in Ljubljana where she was between 2008 and 2012 head of art and educational activities. Since 2013 she works as a mission and porgramme developer at KSEVT.
Grace Samboh | Host / Curator
Grace Samboh (b. Jakarta, Indonesia, 1984) veered away from her undergraduate degree in advertising and graduated her master from the Visual Art Studies program at Gadjah Mada University’s Graduate School (2009). She started her interest in the arts at ruangrupa, an artist-collective based in Jakarta. In 2009, Indonesian Visual Art Archive (IVAA) commissioned her to curate the “21 Years Retrospective of Jogja Biennale” as one of the archive-based shows at the Jogja Biennale IX – Jogja Jamming (2009). She participated in the making of Langgeng Art Foundation (2010-2011) as the executive director/curator and did 10 shows with the executive team; five of those shows were designed as the main platform of exhibitions in the foundation. In 2011, with two of her colleagues, she initiated Hyphen, a closed discussion group that has now evolved into a research collective for Indonesian contemporary arts.
Agus Tri Budiarto aka Timbil | Host
Agus ‘Dik Titim’ Tri Budiarto is a farmer, scientist and yoga master. He graduated from University of National Development Veteran (UPN-Veteran) majoring in chemical engineering. He has been active with local community practices of Yogyakarta since 2003, focussing his activities as a citizen scientist concerning local ecology issues and biopunk movements. He is the co-creator of IB:SC, an art and scicence collaboration project on safe ethanol fermentation method with Microbiology Department UGM which receive the Transmediale awards in 2011. In 2012 he co-founded lifepatch an interdisciplinay community-base organization focussing on art, science and technology.
Kristi Monfries is an Australian/Indonesian curator and arts manager with a specific interest in cross-disicplianry art practice. Her recent work has focused on innovative projects that connect Australian and Indonesian artists through collaborative creative development and outcomes. She has been working from Indonesia since 2009 and is based in Yogyakarta.
Kristi has worked on a many projects between Australia and Indonesia which included TROPIS///SUBSONICS Festival which she curated in 2011. TROPIS///SUBSONICS was held in Yogyakarta, Indonesia as part of a long term major initiative auspiced by Asialink which saw over four major events occur in Indonesia and Australia over a year long period. For TROPIS///SUBSONICS five Australian artists were invited to participate in a week long program of music performances, workshops and talks, they were David Shea, Oren Ambarchi, Robbie Avenaim, Tim O’Dwyer and Robin Fox. The program focused on the different ways Indonesian and Australian musicians make and create sounds—focusing on the more experimental and improvised music traditions, the program explored the different possibilities of sound and also the moving image. Seeking to find the relationships between the visual and aural.
Gabriella Levine | Resarcher-in-Residence
Short Bio: Gabriella is an artist and hardware designer interested in the relationship between technology and ecology. Current work includes Protei.org (open source sailing drones), and Sneel.cc (biomimetic swimming snake robots). She teaches at Interactive Telecommunications Program (ITP) at Tisch School of the Arts New York University, and Copenhagen Institute of Interaction Design (CIID), is President of Open Hardware Association, and of Global Open Ocean Collaboration Platform (OCP). She has presented globally at symposia and lectures, received the 2012 Prix Ars Electronica Hybrid Arts Award, and was a fellow of Unreasonable at Sea.
Dr Brian Degger
Interests: DIWO, workshopology, daphniaology, DIYbio, Open source hardware, fermentation, resiliance thinking
Short Bio: PhD in Biotechnoloy(2002): Cofounder of Makerspace, a hackerspace in the cultural quarter of Newcastle. As an Artist he concentrates on scientific processes, and everyday objects that can be transformed into workshops. His recent work includes Microbe Kisses, bacterial lip-prints of 500 people taken at Newcastle Makerfaire 2013, Briolabs Grafetti Wall, Pixelache using words around resiliance. Lecturing on DIYbiology&Bioart as part of Bridging the Gaps, Exeter"", participating in the 95% Migrating art academy, and commenting on the eye at the Wonder Conference, Newcastle University.
Interests: programming, DIWO tech/science, context appropriate technology, income generation through hacking skills
Short Bio: Sakar is programmer by trade and a tinkerer by desire. A recent dissident from the world of cubicals he has started two enterprises in the last year. GalliGalli (www.GalliGalli.org) a social tech company. And Karkhana (www.Karkhana.asia) a company with a mission to support a culture of experimentation. Both companies are based in Kathmandu, Nepal. Working in areas with limited career opportunities for creative technologists and limited resources for R&D shapes his two main interests, i.e. context appropriate technologies and how DIY, DIWO tech/science can be parleyed into careers or income generating business.
Dr. Špela Petrič
Interests: politics of science and distribution of knowledge, terRabiology, evolution/protocells, mimicry, biopolitics, circadian rhythms, stem cell research/regenerative medicine, aptamers/synthetic metabolism & biochemistry/reengineering
Short Bio: Špela Petrič (1980), PhD in biochemistry and has studied at Transmedia, LUCA, Brussels. As an artist she focuses on the cross-section of biological sciences, performance and art and collaborates with the Kapelica Gallery in Ljubljana. Her recent work includes Humalga: Towads the Human Spore (art-research project with Robertina Šebjanič, 2012), Circadian Drift (installation with Maja Smrekar, 2012), CTCAG – recognition (lecture-performance, 2011), Cladocera (installation, 2010).
Muhammad Hidayat aka Togar
Muhammad Hidayat a.k.a Julian Togar Abraham is media artist, musician, programmer, scientist-wannabe and social researcher. Words like manipulating, decomposing, degenerating and dematerializing are often used to identify his work. Connecting one thing to another, expressed in complex algorithm, gave him the experience in how art, the environment, science and technology relate to one another providing new tools to educate and engage both him and the society into a wiser, richer and more independent living being in a world of creation and annihilation. From 2006 till 2011, he dedicated his life to HONF, The House Of Natural Fiber, a media artist collective based on Yogyakarta, Indonesia. He produced and organized numerous events such us: Festivals, Workshops, Exhibitions, Performances, and Concerts. One project that he initiated, won the last edition of transmediale award, Berlin, Germany.
Nur Akbar Arrofatullah | Host
Nur ‘Don’ Akbar Arofatullah (1987) is a researcher and scientist currently working at the Department of Biotechnology, UGM Yogyakarta, Indonesia. He focused on the field of fermentation techniques in various systems, such as liquid and solid-state fermentation. Several of his main research interests are bioethanol fermentation from sweet sorghum juice, biofertilizer design and production, organic farming, and silage fermentation for cattle feeds. In 2012, he co-founded lifepatch.org - citizen initiative in art, science and technology, a community base organization working in creative and approriate use of technology in the field of art and science. His current research project is an in vitro method for establishing mycorrhizae on elais guineensis trees.
Dr. Sachiko Hirosue
Interests: learning/learning by teaching, eating, science/art/society interface
Short Bio: Sachiko Hirosue works as a researcher at the interface of biomaterials and lymphatic physiology in the Institute of Bioengineering, School of Life Sciences, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland. Her interests in bio art derives from the encounter at the Subtle Technologies Festival (Toronto, Canada) , which she co-chaired from 2005-2008. The 2011 Hackterialab in Romainmôtier, Switzerland inspired her to initiate fresh collaborations with Lifepatch and (art)ScienceBLR: BIO-DESIGN for the REAL WORLD (biodesign.cc), an interdisciplinary educational collaboration focused on solving real world water problems through analysis and mapping of water quality.
Short Bio: Independent interdisciplinary researcher, from Croatia. Conducts research in the several fields of science, such as; all fields of biology, medicine, engineering, electronics, neurology, nanotechnology etc. with an emphasis on DIY biotechnology & bioelectronics. He designs and makes (DIY) necessary research instruments. Invented the concept of Biotweaking (improvement of living organisms or their components to exhibit and use their full potential) which fully defines his philosophy and work. In the year 2012.he joins I’MM_Media Lab and he begins to exhibit his scientific work to the public-inventions and innovations such as; SRCE , BOCA, MeBUMZ etc. Leads BIOsection – educational project, where he lectures & conducts workshops. In the year 2013. he founded Universal Reaseach Institute UR. He is also, one of the founders of Croatian makerspace Radiona. He combines scientific work and uses artistic representation for the demystification of science and for bringing it closer to ordinary citizens.
Short Bio: Bandung
Short Bio: UGM Microbiology Lab, Yogyakarta
Interests: Nature vs Culture, and the soundings of them.
Short Bio: As a sound artist, I have been collecting field recordings with portable recorders over years in Australia, Taiwan, Europe, southern islands of Japan, northern-west of China and east Turkey, those soundings of nature phenomenons and human activities, or an emerging moment of small talk. Slowly I built a personal archive of sonic observations; with intensions or without. While most of artistic activity focus on listening and generative composition, as well, I am co-organising series of PlayAround workshop in Taiwan, an intensely parallel and collaborative workshop of mediating the creative use of fair software and DIY practices to an audience of young students and artists of diverse backgrounds, promoting sharism. It combines the knowledge creation and open distribution of new media technologies and contemporary art practices in a socially responsible and relevant context. MFA in Digital Media, Gothenburg University, Sweden.
Pei-Ying Lin (ca3rine)
Interests: Physics, Biology, Nature, Mythology, Theatre, Languages, Fiction, Communication, Emotions, Evolution, and geeky things.
Short Bio: Co-Founder of Taiwanese BioArt Community. M.A. Design Interactions, Royal College of Art. B. Sc. Life Science and minor in Computer Science and Humanities & Social Sciences, National Tsing Hua University.
Interests: open science and citizen science advocacy, prototypes driven policy, OSHW for translational research, philosophy and design
Short Bio: Denisa Kera is a philosopher and a designer. She builds design prototypes and critical probes to create tools for deliberation, reflection and public participation in science. She follows and studies the science community labs, alternative R&D places (Hackerspaces, FabLabs) and various (Do It Yourself) DIYbio movements, citizen science initiatives etc. as a revival of tinkering and 16.century pre-modern science. She has extensive experience as a curator of exhibitions and projects related to art, technology and science, and previous career in internet start-ups and journalism. Currently, she works as an Assistant Professor at the National University of Singapore and Asia Research Institute fellow, where she is trying to bring together Science Technology Society (STS) studies with interactive media design.
Short Bio: Look up. How much living biology can you see right now? Only a house plant? We are biology, and at CIID, Martin is working to integrate the complexity and evolutionary capability of living biology, plants, bacteria and microalgae in design and architecture. He researches and plays with the possibilities of biology in interaction and experience design. We could have bioluminating microalgae tubes in walls and ceilings, living lampshades of lichen that change shape and colour with the season. The self replicating capacity of biology further adds new aspects to sharing of design. Martin discovers new opportunities through learning by doing, always wondering, asking critical questions and having fun. He believes the future holds a big potential for open source business models and innovation by making natural science relevant and accessible through an user oriented design approach. He has a Master degree in Biological Engineering from DTU, specialized in bioreactor engineering and sustainable biorefinery processes. He’s a board member of the Copenhagen makerspace Labitat.dk and co-founded Biologigaragen.org – an open space for citizen science in biology. He’s also in the steering comity of “Energihøjskolen” the first Danish folk high school based on natural science.
Short Bio: Jangkar Madu, Yogyakarta
Ferial Afiff | Host
Short Bio: Ferial ‘Mak Nyak’ Afiff (born in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, 1982) is actively involved in a number of communities and organizations and her vast curiosity is embedded in her creative process. Her art is solely based on interdisciplinary knowledge, emphasizing the personal opinions in various socio-cultural issues. Ferial has been known for her performances even before she graduated from STISI-Telkom (2005). Growing up with a gymnastic background and majoring in the sculpture department for her bachelor degree grew her sensibility in (human) body as a form that speaks for itself. Her performances do not use body as a form but rather as a medium to convey her ideas.
Pia Van Gelder
Short Bio: Pia van Gelder is an electronic artist, curator and teacher. Van Gelder develops performances and installations by working with media machines, both custom built heirloom technologies like the audio-video modular synthesizer, and common electronic devices which are hacked and opened up to perform in ways that negate their use or assumed design. In her recent work she has been interested in presenting opportunities to experience AV mysticism and what she calls ‘machinic affinity’; feelings of closeness to a machine.
Involving methodologies of hacking within her practice at large, Van Gelder also explores interdisciplinary research into theosophy, technology, science, counter-culture histories and DIY pedagogy.
Van Gelder has curated various festivals, art events and exhibitions and has been involved with DIY spaces for the past decade, particularly the Serial Space collective. She is the Overlord of Dorkbot Sydney, a regular meeting for people doing strange things with electricity, whilst lecturing at the College of Fine Arts, UNSW in the School of Media Art.
Short Bio: Waft-lab, Surabaya
Short Bio: Waft-lab, Surabaya
Short Bio: Jadiwangi Art Factory, West Java
Short Bio: Jadiwangi Art Factory, West Java
Short Bio: Michael Candy is an emerging new media/kinetic artist with a specific interest in mimesis, technological archetypes and the discourse that exists within these contemporary parallels. Through the deconstruction and analysis of everyday devices, Michael has developed a unique rationale of instinctive engineering, which he uses to investigate contrasts between nature and technology.
Agung Firmanto aka Geger | Host
Agung ‘Kang Geger’ Firmanto currently work for the local govenrment in tourism and cultural fields. He is also a freelance language tutor, photographer and street art lover. In 2012 he co-founded urbancult.net, an online digital visual documentation and mapping of the street art in Indonesia. He is also co-founder of Lifepatch, citizen initiative in art, science and technology in 2012 and have been working intensively in citizen science for the communities in Yogyakarta. .
Short Bio: Paula Pin is a transhackfeminist performer and interdisciplinarity researcher. Graduated in Fine Arts from Barcelona and Sao Paolo, her work ranges from abstract video to circuit bending to investigations at the frontiers of biology,cybernetics and queer science. Her performance piece Medusa from 2010 mixes mythology, ecology and criticism of consumer culture while Udre from 2009, is an automatic drawing machine created from an old umbrella. She was awarded a grant from Vida to develop her Photosinthetik Symphony – data from sensores attached to plants and her own body generate sound in a program created in Pure Data. In 2012 she was invited to a residence in Nuvem, a rural art centre in Brasil, to develop her work, focussing especially on photosynthesis. Questioning and blurring the boundary between science fiction and fact, much of her artwork investigates a broad range of subject matter relating to natural phenomena such as bioelectricity, bioluminescence, geochemistry and the cosmos. In parallel she creates home made synthesisers, gives workshops, and investigates the practise of noise, biohacking, diagnosis low-cost and DIWO biolabs.
short bio: Comparative archeology of self-denominations: technical contortionist, methodological amnesia, hedonistic exhibitionism and hyperlink to the void. This means failed audiovisual technician, deserter of unflexible repetitive disciplines, post-porn sexual dissident, weaver of ephemeral nets. My academic deformations are only fossil waste of my viscera dreamscapes, as hunger, only a reaction to furious gangs of bacterias dancing as digestive tissues and fluids.
gynepunk, biohack, low-cost diagnosis, DIWO biolabs, glands anarchy, radical urodynamics, bodynoise, cellotronics, transhackfeminism, graphic glitch, protofakir, bacteria gardening, funghi paradise.
Julito aka Monika
Short Bio: Yashas Shetty is an artist and composer based in Bangalore, India. He is currently an artist in residence and faculty at the Srishti School of Art, Design and Technology. He helped found the Center for Experimental Media Arts at Srishti and has previously taught at design schools across India. His works look at the relationship between language,ecology and technology. He is also one of the founding members of the Hackteria project.
Short Bio: Co-Founder of Taiwanese BioArt Community. Currently studying in MA Communications Design, Shih Chien University, and Master of Dentistry in Department of Dentistry, National Yang-Ming University. He is working as a professional dentist and artist at the same time. Has got his work exhibited in Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore. His most recent series “Organic Mimicry of Prosthesis” was made with dental material which he deconstructed the function of oral prosthesis, and changed the shapes from single organs to multiple creatures’ mimicry. And he tries to show the discrepancy of organic-inorganic ambiguity and the condition between reality and virtuality.
Wawies Wisnu Wisdantio | Host
Wisnu ‘Bob Wewet’ Wisdantio is an architect focusing in urban planning and building design after finishing his studies and take part as planning consultant in 2007. Apart from his daily routines, Wisnu has a big interest in nature adventure and landscape photography. This interest became his main activity in working and collaborating with many communities and organizations. Several of them are his role as a chief editor and travel writer in Landscape Indonesia (http://landscapeindonesia.com) since 2010; a platform for outdoor travel sharing experience and visual documentation on natural landscapes in Indonesia, and as a member of Lifepatch (http://lifepatch.org, a community base organization working in creative and appropriate applicaion in the field of art, science and technology.
Budi Prakosa aka Iyok | Host
Short Bio: Budi ‘Mas Iyok’ Prakosa is a self-taught programmer, exploring the wide range of possibility in creative coding, he initiated a project as a VJ with the name of manticore in 2009, combining interactive programming with graphic data visualization. He has a background in industrial engineering and have an interest in the field of image and sound processing, video jockey, generative art, machine learning, algorithms, data mining, artificial intelligence and collaboration between science and art. Currently he is working on developing urbancult.net - an online visual mapping documentation on street art, and lifepatch.org a citizen initiative in art, science and technology
Interests: amphibians, tropical ecologies, diy-learning, bio-tinkering & bio-accessibility
Short Bio: Mary Tsang is a hybrid of sorts, specializing in both Biology and Art. She spent a good chunk of her college career in rainforest research and self-taught hydroponics, and creates "bioart" while simultaneously grappling with the definition itself. Since graduation, she has embarked on a documentary journey to film biohackers and bioartists in the United States, analyzing the social, political, and philosophical underpinnings of social/artistic biotinkering. The next step: to examine this same topic on a GLOBAL scale.
Andrew Lumban Gaol aka ANTI-TANK | Designer
Short Bio: (DPhil, Oxon 2010) is a biological physicist working on molecular motors at the Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute in Sydney, Australia. His research career has focussed on the bacterial flagellar motor which rotates the propellor that makes nearly all bacteria swim. This marvel of bionanotechnology is nature's fastest wheel and rotates at up to 1000 Hz, assembles itself into bacterial membranes, and can switch directions in a handful of milliseconds. Matt works on building high resolution microscopes and optical traps to image and exert picoNewton torques on this motor, as well as building simultaneous fluorescence and electrical current recording devices to combine imaging with single channel recording to study pores and ion channels. Currently he is working to build the bacterial flagellar motor from its components using use DNA nanostructure scaffolds to perform the first artificial synthesis of the bacterial flagellar motor. Matt has a strong interest in outreach and communications work and has performed a variety of science raps in festivals throughout UK and Europe. At HackteriaLab2014 Matt wants to get involved with open source hardware and DIY lab equipment and learn from the ingenuity displayed in hacking webcams to see how we can apply it to other types of microscopes.